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Laboratory Outreach Solution

laboratoryGrow your laboratory outreach business by giving easy and accurate purchase entry and result shipping portal at client sites and remote industry offices. Live life eligibility and medical requirement checking to decrease payment denials. Nearby label and barcode publishing for automation. Local ensure that you ICD-9 / ICD-10 program code listing to adhere to government regulations. Lookup of entered orders and individual demographics and billing information previously, and also direct population of the data into fresh orders to increase data entry. Allows customers to order proper and billable tests.
Features and Benefits
·    Easily accessible from anyplace on any computer
·    Integrated with Documen Imaging module permitting customers to scan or see documents remotely
·    Live Eligibility Checking
·    Custom Customer Panels Acknowledgement and Maintenance
·    Local test program code & ICD-9 / ICD-10 Integration
·    Insurance & Patient Information Lookup (Population)
·    Admit Discharge Move (ADT) Support
·    Customizable Ask at Purchase Entry fields
·    Shipping Manifest / Log Publishing / Courier Tracking
·    One group of physician tables, individual lists, and test requirements
·    Real-time test status keep track of and result delivery
·    Screen requisitions could be created to mimic the papers requisitions in the client's office
·    Ability to customize search for each client's workplace or by physician specialty (e.g. OB/GYN, Oncology)
·    Uniquely determine specimens by publishing barcoded labels during (remote) order entry
·    Automatic check routing for multisite laboratories
·    Integrated faxing allowing customers to utilize centralized faxing appliance to distrube reports
·    Medical Requirement Checking (with automated ABN type determination and printing)
·    Front-finish compliance looking at with instantaneous ABN generation
·    Robust validation, logic and rules motor to streamline order access process
Advantages to Clinics and Physicians
·    Low-cost, easy-to-use answer for the physician's office
·    Easy new patient set up, quick and efficient purchase entry
·    Customizable displays to mimic requisitions presently in place
·    ABN forms could be printed to nearby printers or created within an electronic format for electronic storage
·    HIPAA enabled with several security controls

Overview of Environmental Allergies

In case you have environmental allergies, you might find yourself sniffling, sneezing, coughing, or itching - and it’s your environment which are causing the issue. Thankfully, you’re not really doomed to times of misery. The key would be to avoid or get rid of airborne allergens, which can only help you obtain back again to feeling your very best. Here are usually six of the very most common environmental allergies.
Pollen
allergyPollen, the airborne allergen right behind hay fever, is among the most typical allergy triggers, in fact it is very hard to avoid. Many pollen allergy symptoms could be handled with avoidance steps. But it’s difficult in order to avoid outside allergy triggers like tree pollen or weed pollen, - if you don't want to reside in a bubble or on the moon!
Most people will get relief with over-the-counter or even prescription medication. You may use a nasal steroid for sneezing and itching or an antihistamine for occasional post-nasal drainage or itchy eye. Ultimately, if your asthma and allergies are poor enough, it is possible to explore the choice of traditional allergy photos, that may rid you of nagging symptoms for good allergy.
Dust Mites
Though pollen allergy will probably attack when you’re outside, being allergic to dust mites puts you vulnerable to experiencing environmental allergies indoors, including in your house. Dust mites are usually microscopic creatures which are within everyone’s mattresses, pillows, upholstered couches, and carpets. They're not bed bugs plus they do not bite. Nevertheless, in case you are allergic to them, they are able to cause significant problems with nasal congestion, sinus attacks, headaches, and problems sleeping. Dust mites feed off dead human skin really, so they are located in high volumes we have a tendency to shed dead skin anywhere, such as for example pillows and mattresses.
Pets and Animals
You don’t necessarily need to part with your dog in order to decrease your contact with this environmental allergen. If animals could be made outdoor animals, then this can diminish your contact with pet dander. Bathing pets weekly will certainly reduce shedding and lower your contact with pollens, like grass, embedded in the animal’s fur. Allergens may also be found in your dog’s saliva and urine, so be sure to minimize your contact with the cat kitty litter box.

Health Tips: Treatment for Ants, Centipedes, Millipedes

bed_bugCentipedes, millipedes, sowbugs, and pillbugs are usually arthropods (not bugs), although they do benefit from the same living problems as bugs. These creatures aren't harmful. They're unattractive and regarded as a nuisance merely, when found indoors especially.
Sowbugs and pillbugs
Sowbugs and pillbugs are usually significantly less than 2 cm long and so are usually black to slate gray. They're armadillo-like and participate in the same course of creatures as lobsters and shrimps. These tiny property crustaceans need moist problems to survive, and prefer to live under particles or rocks where they prey on decaying organic matter. They often die quickly as soon as inside homes because dampness levels aren't high sufficient for them.
Millipedes and centipedes
Wormlike centipedes and millipedes both have many entire body sections and several legs. However, the centipede includes a more flattened entire body and only one couple of legs per area, while the millipede's entire body is rounded at the top with two pairs of hip and legs per section. Also, the centipede 's hip and legs are longer, and can quickly move more. When disturbed, millipedes have a tendency to coil up, but centipedes run for the closest dark hiding place swiftly.
Centipedes are a competent method of controlling other bugs in your house.They prefer to eat spiders, bed bugs, cockroaches, silverfish, carpeting beetles, or ants. Millipedes, however, do not survive as soon as in the home since it is too dried out for them.
Should I get worried?
Although all centipedes have poison glands that open up through their jaws, almost all house centipedes cannot penetrate human skin with a bite. Nevertheless, the few that may will give an impact similar to a moderate bee sting, with signs and symptoms disappearing inside a few hours generally. The home centipede's bite won't cause any serious injury to pets like cats and dogs.
Sowbugs and pillbugs can enter damp regions of your house in good sized quantities sometimes. However, they don't bite, sting, or transmit illnesses, plus they don't infest food, clothes, or wood.
Sowbugs, pillbugs, and millipedes breakdown organic matter, releasing nutrition to garden vegetation. Centipedes help control some other bugs. For these reasons, this combined group can be viewed as beneficial and really should be tolerated whenever you can.
A new persistent infestation of sowbugs, pillbugs, or millipedes indoors might indicate a significant moisture problem inside your home, and the current presence of a food source such as rotting wood.
How can I eliminate them?
·Make sure the bottom slopes aside from your house in order to avoid drinking water and moisture retention close to the building foundation.
·Get rid of leaf litter and decaying vegetation round the foundation of your house. Other items providing hiding locations on the floor (like stones, boards, or boxes) ought to be moved away as well.
·Use coarse (rather than good) mulches that allow drinking water to drain.
·Foundation plantings ought to be pruned and cleaned to boost ventilation around your house.
·Allow the soil to dried out between waterings.
·Repair cracks in basis walls or about windows prior to the fall.
·Indoors, work with a dehumidifier or perhaps a small electric lover to dry damp areas inside the basement.
Chemical products
Changing the particular habitat of the creatures outside your house should reduce their figures. If these efforts usually do not handle them sufficiently, you may opt for a registered domestic-course pesticide product (that you can use yourself). Note that utilizing a pesticide indoors to regulate millipedes, sowbugs, or pillbugs isn't recommended because they will quickly die from dehydration as soon as indoors.
·Diatomaceous earth, a dynamic ingredient within many domestic pesticides, can be an ecological method of control. It is a good powder created from crushed microscopic marine fossils. As insects crawl on the powder, their external "pores and skin" is scratched, leading to them to dehydrate and die. Diatomaceous earth shall remain active so long as it really is kept dry. It is nontoxic to humans and animals, but take care not to inhale the dirt when applying the product. This powder may be used in crevices and cracks being an ongoing control measure.

How to Deal with Asthma?

asthmaAsthma is really a long-term ailment that has simply no cure. The particular goal associated with asthma therapy is to manage the condition. Right there are the most of asthma symptoms and treatment:
·Prevent chronic plus troublesome signs and symptoms, for example breathing problems and shortness of breathing
·Reduce your own requirement for quick-relief medicines
·Help you preserve good lung perform
·Let you preserve your regular activity degree and rest through the particular night
·Prevent asthma episodes that can lead to a good emergency area visit or even hospital remain
To handle asthma, companion with your physician to control your asthma or your own child's asthma. Children old 10 or even older-and younger kids who are usually able-should consider an energetic function within their asthma care.
Using an energetic function to manage your own asthma requires:
·Working along with your physician to deal with other circumstances that may intervene with asthma management.
·Avoiding things that will worsen your own asthma (asthma triggers). Nevertheless, one cause you must not prevent is actual physical activity. Physical exercise is an essential portion of the healthy life-style. Talk along with your physician regarding medicines that will can assist you keep active.
·Working along with your physician as well as other wellness care suppliers to generate and stick to an asthma plan of action.
A good asthma motion plan offers guidance in obtaining your drugs properly, staying away from asthma sets off (except actual physical activity), monitoring your height of asthma control, reacting to deteriorating symptoms, plus seeking crisis care as needed.
Asthma is usually treated along with two varieties of medications: long-term handle and quick-relief medicines. Long lasting control medications help decrease airway irritation and stop asthma symptoms. Quick-relief, or "rescue, " medications relieve asthma symptoms that will may surface.
Your preliminary treatment is determined by the intensity of your own asthma. Followup asthma treatment is determined by just how well your own asthma activity plan is usually controlling your own symptoms plus preventing asthma attacks.
Your height of asthma handle can differ as time passes plus with adjustments in your own home, college, or function environments. These types of changes can modify how usually you're subjected to the elements that may worsen your own asthma.
Your own doctor might need to increase your own medicine when your asthma doesn't remain under manage. However, when your asthma is properly controlled for a number of months, your physician may reduce your medicine. These types of adjustments for your medicine can help you maintain the particular best manage possible along with the minimum amount associated with medicine essential.
Asthma therapy for many groupings of people-such as kids, pregnant females, or individuals for who exercise provides on asthma symptoms-will end up being adjusted in order to meet their particular special requirements.
Follow a good Asthma Plan of action
You may work together with your own doctor to produce a personal asthma action program. The master plan may describe your own daily remedies, such like which medications to consider plus when to consider them. The master plan also can explain whenever to contact your physician or even navigate to the crisis room.
In case your child provides asthma, all the people who else take care of your pet or the girl ought to know regarding the kid's asthma plan of action. This contains babysitters plus workers from daycare facilities, schools, plus camps. These types of caretakers may help your kid follow their action program.
Avoid Items That Can easily Worsen Your own Asthma
Several common items (called asthma triggers) may set away from or aggravate your asthma symptoms. As soon as you understand what these types of things are usually, you may take procedure for control most of them.
For illustration, contact with pollens or atmosphere pollution will make your asthma worse. If you are, try in order to limit time period outdoors whenever the degrees of these elements in the particular outdoor air flow are higher. If pet fur sets off your asthma symptoms, maintain pets along with fur out there of your own home or even bedroom.
A single possible asthma trigger a person shouldn’t prevent is physical exercise. Physical exercise is an important component of a proper lifestyle. Talk to your physician about medications which will help a person stay energetic.
In case your asthma symptoms are usually clearly associated to contaminants in the air, and a person can't prevent contact with individuals allergens, your own doctor might advise a person to obtain allergic reaction shots.
A person may require to visit a specialist in case you are thinking regarding getting allergic reaction shots. These types of shots may lessen or even stop your asthma symptoms, yet they aren't cure your own asthma.
Many health circumstances could make asthma harder in order to manage. These types of conditions consist of runny nasal area, sinus bacterial infections, reflux condition, psychological tension, and stop snoring. Your physician will deal with these circumstances too.
Medications
Your physician may consider several things whenever deciding which usually asthma drugs are very best to suit your needs. He or she or the lady will verify to notice how properly a medication works. After that, she or he may adjust the particular dose or even medicine since needed.
Asthma medicines may be consumed pill type, but many are used utilizing a device called a good inhaler. A good inhaler enables the drugs to look straight to your own lungs.
Not every inhalers are utilized the exact same way. Request your physician or even another physician to present the correct method to make use of your inhaler. Review how you use your own inhaler from every healthcare visit.
Long lasting Control Medications
Most individuals who may have asthma require long lasting control medications daily in order to help avoid symptoms. The very best long-term drugs reduce respiratory tract inflammation, which usually helps avoid symptoms through starting. These types of medicines may provide you with fast respite from signs and symptoms.

Institute for Health Technology Transformation Announces Health IT Summit in Denver July 24-25

The iHT2 Health IT Summit in Denver, will bring together C-level, physician, practice management, and IT decision-makers from North America’s leading provider organizations and physician practices. For two full days, executives interact with a national audience of peers, national leaders and solutions providers featuring the latest solutions for practice management, mobility, telemedicine, outsourcing, IT infrastructure, next-generation electronic medical records, disease management, and more.

The Summit will feature keynote presentations from Peter Fine, FACHE, President & CEO, Banner Health, and Bernard Harris, Jr., MD, MBA, President & CEO, Vesalius Ventures, and President, American Telemedicine Association.

Featured Speakers include: Dana Moore, SVP & CIO, Centura Health; Gregory Veltri, CIO, Denver Health; Russell Leftwich, MD, CMIO, Tennessee Office of eHealth Initiatives; Neal Ganguly, VP & CIO, CentraState Healthcare System; Andrew Steele, MD, MPH, Director, Medical Informatics, Denver Health; Jonathan Gold, MD, MHA, MSc, Regional CMIO, Catholic Health Initiatives; Charles Doarn, MBA, Research Professor and Director, Telemedicine & e-Health Program, University of Cincinnati; Mark Caron, SVP & CIO, Capital BlueCross, and many more.

Panel Discussions for the Health IT Summit in Denver include: Accountable Care Organizations: Taking on Risk & Identifying Critical Tools, Leveraging Data to Improve Outcomes & Safety, Preparing for 2013: Organizational Strategies for the Transition to ICD-10, Breach Avoidance: Strategies to Protect Patient Data, HIE Performance: Defining Your Objectives & Measuring Progress, Meaningful Use Stage 2: Reaching the Next Stages of Quality & Care, and Mobile Health: Leveraging Data at the Point of Care.

The full agenda can be viewed by visiting: http://ihealthtran.com/2012denveragenda.html

Sponsors and Partners include: ICA, Quantix, Extract Systems, SLI Global Solutions, Nuance, Comcast, Altus, Rubbermaid Healthcare, VMware, Healthcare IT News, CMIO, FierceHealthIT, ADVANCE, NASCIO, AMDIS, eHealth SmartBrief, Frost & Sullivan, IDC Health Insights, Mobile Healthcare Today, SearchHealthIT.com, and more.

Institute for Health Technology Transformation Appoints New Health IT Leaders to Advisory Board

The Institute for Health Technology Transformation (iHT²) announced ten new members to their Advisory Board this week. These members represent some of the brightest minds in healthcare information technology, and they will work to provide thought leadership and valuable industry connections to expand and improve the quality of the Institute’s initiatives throughout the year.

The Institute’s Advisory Board is a group of health care thought leaders representing the diverse stakeholders involved in the integration of health information technology. This esteemed group provides iHT² with insight and guidance throughout the year on how it can better serve the health care industry in their goal of fostering the adoption and implementation of health IT.

“Members of the iHT² Advisory Board greatly enhance our ability to offer health IT leaders superior educational and collaborative opportunities,” said Barry P. Chaiken, MD, MPH, Senior Fellow & Health IT Chair, Institute for Health Technology Transformation, CMO, DocsNetwork & former HIMSS Chair. “The insight provided by these distinguished professionals allows iHT² to keep pace with developing trends in healthcare, and offer conferences, webinars and publications that satisfy the needs of a wide range of industry professionals.”

The new members join a board of over twenty health IT leaders representing organizations throughout the country including: Kaiser Permanente, Catholic Health Initiatives, Capital BlueCross, Visiting Nurse Service of New York, Delaware Health Information Network, and more.

The newly appointed members are:

  •     Samantha Burch, VP, Quality & Health IT, Federation of American Hospitals
  •     Mary Carroll Ford, MBA, VP & CIO, Lakeland Regional Medical Center
  •     Dick Gibson, MD, Chief Health Intelligence Officer, Providence Health & Services
  •     Fred Galusha. CIO & COO, Inland Northwest Health Services
  •     Chris Jaeger, MD, VP, Medical Informatics, Sutter Health
  •     Elizabeth Johnson, SVP, Applied Clinical Informatics, Tenet Healthcare
  •     Bill Phillips, CIO, University Healthcare System
  •     Justin Graham, CMIO, NorthBay Healthcare
  •     Andy Steele, MD, Medical Director, Informatics, Denver Health
  •     Doris Crain, CIO, Broward Health
  •     John Santangelo, Director of IT, Cleveland Clinic Florida

“The Advisory Board contributes invaluable industry insight that results in some of the most comprehensive, intimate, and informative programs taking place year after year,” said Waco Hoover, CEO, Institute for Health Technology Transformation. “The accomplishments and dedication of the Advisory Board is what truly separates the Institute apart from other organizations.”

Intermountain Healthcare, Partners Healthcare System, and Kaiser Permanente to Deliver Keynote Presentations at the Health IT Summit in San Francisco

The Institute for Health Technology Transformation announced the keynote presenters for the Health IT Summit in San Francisco, which will take place March 27-28th at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco Airport. The keynote presenters at the annual program will be Mark Probst, CIO, Intermountain Healthcare, Blackford Middleton, MD, Corporate Director of Clinical Informatics Research & Development, Partners Healthcare System, and Hal Wolf, SVP & COO, The Permanente Federation, Kaiser Permanente.

The iHT2 Health IT Summit, will bring together C-level, physician, practice management, and IT decision-makers from North America’s leading provider organizations and physician practices. For two full days, executives interact with a national audience of peers, national leaders and solutions providers featuring the latest solutions for practice management, mobility, telemedicine, outsourcing, IT infrastructure, next-generation electronic medical records, disease management, and more.

“We are dedicated to continuous improvement that enhances patient care. I look forward to learning from health care leaders and sharing our experience in improving outcomes by putting advanced health IT in the hands of clinicians, care teams, and patients,” said Hal Wolf, Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of The Permanente Federation, Kaiser Permanente.

Panel discussions for the Health IT Summit in San Francisco include: Accounting for Assumptions: Taking a deeper look at reforming our healthcare delivery system, HIE & HIX: The convergence of healthcare information, Securing Electronic Personal Health Information (ePHI): From the Data Warehouse to the Point of Care, Analytics in Healthcare: Improving Outcomes Through Data Management, The Cloud in Healthcare, Stage 2 Meaningful Use: Leveraging Technology to Improve Outcomes & Efficiency, Patient Management Without Walls: Enabling mHealth and Telemedicine, and more.

“Healthcare I.S. leadership is consumed with the demands of ARRA HITECH (meaningful use), ICD-10 (maybe we are going to get some relief) and a barrage of requests to meet the demands of a changing healthcare landscape,” said Mark Probst. “I believe that even though the demands are great – as I.S. leaders, we must not simply follow and adopt aging solutions, rather we have the responsibility to innovate.”

Sponsors and Partners include: ICA, InnerWireless, CloudPrime, Accellion, ICW, SLI Global Solutions, VMware, athenahealth, Comcast, InterSystems, LANDesk Software, Pano Logic, Aventura, Key Info, AUXILIO, Somansa Technologies, Inc., Salesforce.com, EMC2, AMDIS, The California Association of Healthcare Leaders (CAHL), California Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems (CAPH), CMIO, DOTmed, eHealth SmartBrief, Executive Insight, Frost & Sullivan, Healthcare IT News, IDC Health Insights, MarketsandMarkets, NASCIO, ReportsandReports, SearchHealthIT.com, and more.

Health Care Thought Leaders Release Research Report Finding Automation Is Key to Population Health Management

The Institute for Health Technology Transformationtoday released findings from an Automating Population Health Research Project, which seeks to educate the healthcare industry on how best to apply technology in meeting the challenges of population health management.

Prepared in consultation with a broad range of industry experts, the Population Health Management: A Roadmap for Provider-Based Automation in a New Era of Healthcare report finds that population health management requires healthcare providers to develop new skill sets and new infrastructures for delivering care. To make the transition from fee-for-service reimbursement to accountable care, which depends on the ability to improve population health, providers will need to automate many routine tasks, ranging from identification of care gaps and risk stratification to patient engagement, care management, and outcomes measurement.

“In the era of healthcare reform, provider organizations must change their traditional approach and embrace new ways of thinking about their mission,” said Waco Hoover, CEO of the Institute for Health Technology Transformation. “They must not only care for the sick, but also strive to keep their patient populations healthy. Information technology is the key to doing this cost efficiently, and automation can enable care teams to identify and work with the patients who truly need their help.”

Report coauthor Paul Grundy, MD, Global Director of Healthcare Transformation for IBM, and President of Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, commented, “Patient-centered medical homes based on primary care are the building blocks of accountable care, and information technology is the key to successful medical homes. With the help of registries, electronic health records, health information exchanges, and other tools for care coordination and automation, healthcare providers can manage their populations effectively and keep their patients as healthy as possible.”

Andy Steele, MD, MPH, Director of Medical Informatics at Denver Health, and another of the report’s contributing authors, said, “Given potential health care reform and efforts to increase quality and efficiency of care in the setting of persistent fiscal limitations, the importance of leveraging information technology and focusing on population health management has become a top priority for many health care institutions. Our goal for the project is to provide resources that health care providers can utilize as they are considering and implementing population health management initiatives.”

Richard Hodach, MD, MPH, PhD, Chief Medical Officer of Phytel and chair of the report’s research committee, commented, “This important new report underscores the message that Phytel has been spreading among physician groups for the past several years. By using technology to identify subpopulations and patients who are at risk, to reach out to those patients, and to automate care management, healthcare providers can provide optimal preventive and chronic care to their patient populations. Providers can also use technology to engage patients in their own care, which is the real key to lowering costs and improving population health. We are proud of our participation in this project, and we hope that the report will be helpful to providers who plan to move in this direction.”

Among the healthcare thought leaders who contributed to the Automating Population Health Research Project are Alide Chase, MS, Senior Vice President for Quality and Service, Kaiser Permanente; Robert Fortini, Vice President and Chief Clinical Officer, Bon Secours Health System; Connie White Delaney, PhD, RN, School of Nursing Professor & Dean, Academic Health Center Director, Associate Director of Biomedical Health Informatics, and Acting Director of the Institute for Health Informatics, University of Minnesota; Richard Hodach, MD, MPH, PhD, Chief Medical Officer, Phytel; Paul Grundy, MD, MPH, Global Director of Healthcare Transformation, IBM; Margaret O’Kane, President, National Committee for Quality Assurance; Andy Steele, MD, MPH, Director of Medical Informatics, Denver Health; and Dan Fetterolf, Principal, Fetterolf Healthcare Consulting.

Institute for Health Technology Transformation Appoints Jay Srini Senior Fellow & Innovation Chair

The Institute for Health Technology Transformation announced today that Jay Srini, Chief Strategist at SCS Ventures has been appointed Senior Fellow & Innovation Chair for the Institute’s 2012 series of educational programs and meetings.

Jay Srini is an internationally recognized thought leader on national and international trends that are changing the face of healthcare. In her current role at SCS Ventures, Jay works with startup companies internationally to help them with their business development, technology strategy, and expansion. She also advises established companies on their strategies to enter and grow their healthcare vertical.

“We’re thrilled to work with Jay in a concerted effort to move our health system forward with programs that foster the more innovative use of information technology,” said Waco Hoover, the Institute’s CEO. “Jay has a wealth of industry expertise that will make a meaningful and lasting impact on programs and initiatives developed at the Institute.”

In Jay Srini’s role as Senior Fellow and Innovation Chair she will work with the Institute’s Advisory Board and other industry leaders to program and develop leading educational programs and collaboration opportunities for health care leaders. In tandem with the Institute’s mission to promote the effective use of technology across the U.S. health system, Mrs. Srini will engage leaders from the community to ensure the Institute continually provides timely and relevant resources.

“We are in the midst of tectonic shifts in healthcare on all fronts ranging from new discoveries to new payment models and new stakeholders entering the healthcare sector,” said Jay Srini. “Finding innovative ways to deliver cost effective patient centered health care has never been as important as now. Innovation is virtually impossible without collaboration! I am honored and excited to take on this new role at iHT2 to develop new programs and platforms to drive innovation in healthcare through collaboration knowledge acquisition and knowledge dissemination.”

Jay’s prior experience includes her role as Chief Innovation Officer for UPMC (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center) Insurance Services Division as well as her role as Vice President of Emerging Technologies for UPMC. Jay was Managing Director for e-Health Initiatives at Internet Venture Works where she led technology and industry assessments of opportunities presented by strategic partners, investors and external sources and served in executive management roles for its’ portfolio companies. She has served on several healthcare boards including HIMSS (himss.org), PRHI (prhi.org) and is a frequent speaker on International Healthcare forums. She serves on several HHS (Health and Human Services –hhs.gov) related advisory panels and serves in an advisory capacity to International healthcare Institutions and Venture capitalists.

Jay has a Master’s Degree in Computer Science from New York University and a Master’s Degree in Business Administration from Bucknell University and her executive education from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. She also serves as one of the commissioners at CCHIT (Certification Commission of HealthCare Information Technology) in addition to her role as adjunct faculty Assistant Professor at the University of Pittsburgh and advisory board of the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.

 

About iHT2

The Institute for Health Technology Transformation is the leading organization committed to bringing together private and public sector leaders fostering the growth and effective use of technology across the healthcare industry. Through collaborative efforts the Institute provides programs that drive innovation, educate, and provide a critical understanding of how technology applications, solutions and devices can improve the quality, safety and efficiency of healthcare.

The Institute engages multiple stakeholders:

• Hospitals and other healthcare providers
• Clinical groups
• Academic and research institutions
• Healthcare information technology organizations
• Healthcare technology investors
• Health plans
• Consumer and patient groups
• Employers and purchasers
• Device manufacturers
• Private sector stakeholders
• Public sector stakeholders

Zika Virus Map Reveals 2.2 Billion People Are At Risk

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: The redder an area, the better the environment for the spread of the Zika virus. Messina et al./eLife

Summer’s nearly here, and this is, unfortunately, good news for the Zika virus. As a new study published in the journal eLife reveals, it is likely to spread through warm, humid nations just above and below the equator, putting up to 2.2 billion people at risk.

Although the virus is not particularly dangerous for most people, it has been conclusively shown to hinder the development of the brain of fetuses within pregnant women. In many cases, it appears to cause microcephaly – a condition wherein the brain is dramatically reduced in size. There has been at least one example where the virus has almost completely destroyed the entire brain of an unborn child.

Studies mapping the virus have already been published, but this is the first to take into account a range of environmental factors not previously considered in detail. The researchers also didn’t automatically assume that it would spread in the same way other diseases also transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito already do during the summer months.

“Earlier maps were...

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What Exercise Does To Your Bones

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: The force on a triple jumper’s bones is 15 times their body weight. www.shutterstock.com

When we think of bones, a lifeless skeleton usually comes to mind, but our bones are a living organ that grows and changes shape throughout our life. Much of this shaping results from forces which press, pull and twist the skeleton as we move, and the biggest of these forces is caused by our muscles.

Bones experience huge forces during movement. When a triple jumper’s heel hits the ground, the force is around 15 times their body weight – or the weight of a small car. In fact, because muscles normally attach close to joints, muscular forces are even greater than these impact forces (in the same way that you have to push harder to lift someone on a see-saw the closer you get to the middle). As a result bones also experience huge impact and muscle force during daily tasks, totalling more than five times body weight even during walking.

These forces squash, twist and bend bones. The shin bone briefly becomes nearly a millimetre shorter as your foot hits the ground when running. The bone senses these small changes, and can grow dramatically –...

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Genetics: What It Is That Makes You Clever – And Why It’s Shrouded In Controversy

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: SandraViolla/www.shutterstock.com

For nearly 150 years, the concept of intelligence and its study have offered scientific ways of classifying people in terms of their “ability”. The drive to identify and quantify exceptional mental capacity may have a chequered history, but it is still being pursued by some researchers today.

Francis Galton, who was Charles Darwin’s cousin, is considered the father of eugenics and was one of the first to formally study intelligence. His 1869 work Hereditary Genius argued that superior mental capabilities were passed down via natural selection – confined to Europe’s most eminent men, a “lineage of genius”. Barring a few exceptions, women, ethnic minorities and lower socioeconomic communities were labelled as inferior in intelligence.

Galton’s controversial theories on race, socioeconomics and intelligence have been highly influential and shaped the ideologies of numerous researchers and theorists around the world.

In the UK, proponents of a Galtonian view on intelligence included educational psychologist Cyril Burt, who helped formulate the 11-plus examination, and psychologist Charles Spearman...

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Breast Milk Is A Marvel Of Nature But That Doesn’t Mean Adults Should Drink It To See Off Disease

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Don’t give it to grandad. www.shutterstock.com

A woman’s claim that she extended her father’s life by more than a year by feeding him expressed milk has led many to ask whether human milk can really delay the growth of cancer. The gold standard nutrition for infants, human milk is not, however, a replacement for conventional medicine in the treatment of adult diseases.

Human milk is perfectly composed for babies, including both nutrient and bioactive components that promote growth and development. Official guidance in the UK recommends exclusive human milk feeding for the first six months of life. Continued breastfeeding for one to two years or longer is then endorsed by various organisations, including the WHO.

Changeable milk

The composition of human milk varies. Research shows that it changes within feeds, across the day, across lactation, and between different women. This variability benefits the infant as they grow and develop.

The first fluid produced after delivery is colostrum. It is produced in low quantities and is rich in compounds that boost the immune system (such as leukocytes, secretory immunoglobulin A, and...

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Soviet-Era Treatment Could Be The New Weapon In The War Against Antibiotic Resistance

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: They might look like an alien species, but these bacteria-eating viruses could be the next big thing in the fight against infectious diseases. nobeastsofierce/Shutterstock

Every year an increasing number of health tourists are travelling to Eastern bloc countries to receive an old Soviet medical treatment, which could be the answer to the West’s crisis in antibiotics.

Receiving life saving medical treatment a long way from home is never ideal, but for many of these patients phage therapy is the last in a long line of previously unsuccessful remedies used in the fight against chronic bacterial infections – which conventional Western antibiotics have been unable to shift.

Phage therapy – the use of bacteria-specific parasitic viruses to kill pathogens could offer a viable alternative to deal with multi-drug resistant infections.

Viruses that kill bacteria may sound like something out of a sci-fi film but phages have been used in this way for decades in Russia and Georgia – neither of which have the same issues surrounding antibiotic resistance that we do.

It is this rapid rise of antibiotic resistance that has led the Western...

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Sci-Fi Still Influences How Society Thinks About Genes – It’s Time We Caught Up

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: The misunderstood genome. Sigrid Klop

We used to think that our fate was in the stars. Now we know in large measure, our fate is in our genes.

When the Nobel laureate and co-discoverer of the DNA double helix James Watson made his famous statement in 1989, he was implying that access to a person’s genetic code allows you to predict the outcome of their life.

The troubling implications were not lost on people, of course. A few years later they were explored in the American film Gattaca, which depicted a civilisation from the near future that had embraced this kind of genetic determinism. It was a world in which most people are conceived in test tubes, and taken to term only if they passed genetic tests designed to prevent them from inheriting imperfections ranging from baldness to serious genetic diseases.

With these so-called “valids” – the dominant majority – the film was a warning about the dangers in our technological advancement. As it turns out, we were probably being optimistic about the potential of genetics. Yet too few people seem to have got that message, and this kind of mistaken thinking about the links between...

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Kitchen Science: Bacteria And Fungi Are Your Foody Friends

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: You couldn’t enjoy cheese like this without the intervention of micro-organisms. Shutterstock

As you sip a cup of coffee, enjoy a rich chocolate treat or savour the aroma of a piece of Roquefort cheese, have you ever considered the extraordinary contribution made by the microscopic creatures that have worked so hard for your pleasure?

As the French chemist Louis Pasteur said: “The role of the infinitely small in nature is infinitely large.” Without microbes, life on this planet would not exist or would be very different to what we see today.

Recent discoveries have revealed the critical roles played by microorganisms in driving ecosystems, changing our environment and influencing the health and well-being of people, plants and animals.

One of the most intriguing aspects of microbiology is the almost endless variety of biological and chemical processes attributed to microbes. There are species that can break down pollutants, happily grow on arsenic and the recently-described bacteria that break down PET plastics.

The wonders of fermentation

Nowhere is this biological activity more apparent – and close to home – than through...

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Meet The Nanomachines That Could Drive A Medical Revolution

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Shutterstock

A group of physicists recently built the smallest engine ever created from just a single atom. Like any other engine it converts heat energy into movement – but it does so on a smaller scale than seen before. The atom is trapped in a cone of electromagnetic energy and lasers are used to heat it up and cool it down, which causes the atom to move back and forth in the cone like an engine piston.

The scientists from the University of Mainz in Germany who are behind the invention don’t have a particular use in mind for the engine. But it’s a good illustration of how we are increasingly able to replicate the everyday machines we rely on at a tiny scale. This is opening the way for some exciting possibilities in the future, particularly in the use of nanorobots in medicine, that could be sent into the body to release targeted drugs or even fight diseases such as cancer.

Nanotechnology deals with ultra-small objects equivalent to one billionth of a metre in size, which sounds an impossibly tiny scale at which to build machines. But size is relative to how close you are to an object. We can’t see things at the nanoscale...

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Why Spitting Is As Good As Swallowing When It Comes To Sports Drinks

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: At least you don’t have to drink it. www.shutterstock.com

Most people who enjoy running or cycling know that if you drink a sports drink you can perform for longer. But for people taking part in sports such as football or tennis, where skill and accuracy are important, it’s unclear whether sports drinks can improve performance. Recent research has shown that there may be an alternative to drinking sports drinks. For exercise lasting between 30 and 60 minutes, swilling the drink around in your mouth and then spitting it out produces the same performance-enhancing results as swallowing it.

The theory was established by a research group at the University of Birmingham. Their study found that cyclists who rinsed a drink containing maltodextrin (a sugar) in their mouth for five seconds performed significantly better in one-hour time trials than cyclists who only rinsed with water. Brain imaging studies have found that the maltodextrin in the mouth is detected by specific receptors (specialised cells that can detect changes in the environment) which stimulates an area of the brain involved in motivation.

Sports such as football...

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Zombies Are Taking Over The World – And We All Want To Be A Part Of It

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Secret Cinema

As a video game player, I am used to running from hordes of zombies, navigating treacherous post-apocalyptic wastelands, and fleeing from one disorientating location to the next. But nothing could prepare me for the experience of Secret Cinema’s latest event, based on Danny Boyle’s 28 Days Later, the film frequently credited with transforming the zombie from a moaning shuffling figure into a screaming fast-moving crazy.

It’s hard to miss the renaissance in zombie culture that’s developed over the past 15 years. In graphic novels, literature, film, television, video and board games, the zombie has been spreading like a virus throughout the millennium. They’re also beginning to populate the streets. As the proliferation of zombie walks – events where large groups of people dress up as zombies and meet in a public space – attests, dressing up (cosplaying) as the walking dead is a remarkably straightforward endeavour. Anyone with a set of dishevelled clothes and some makeup can participate. Less apparent are the reasons behind the zombie’s recent resurrection and proliferation.

One explanation for the zombie’s...

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Study links neighborhood greenness to reduction in chronic diseases

Higher levels of greenness (trees, park space and other vegetation) in neighborhoods is linked with significantly lower chronic illnesses, diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol, public health researchers has shown. The findings were based on 250,000 Medicare recipients age 65 and vegetation presence measured by NASA satellite imagery.

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Trick of the light may help diseased plants attract greenfly

The leaves of virus-infected plants reflect light differently to attract the attention of disease-spreading greenfly, new research suggests. Scientists have shown for the first time that plant viruses alter the surface of leaves, influencing how light is polarized and helping insects to potentially 'see' infected plants.

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How immunity to respiratory syncytial virus develops in childhood, deteriorates in adults

The leading infectious cause of severe infant respiratory disease, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is also a major cause of respiratory illness in the elderly. Approved vaccines do not yet exist, and whilst childhood infection induces partial immunity, individuals remain susceptible to RSV reinfection life-long. A comprehensive characterization of the antibody-response to RSV now advances our understanding of the human immune response against RSV and has implications for vaccine design.

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Blood pressure targets for individuals with kidney disease should consider patients' age

Systolic blood pressure levels above 140 mmHg were linked with higher risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and death in patients with chronic kidney disease of all ages, but the magnitude of these associations diminished with more advanced age, report researchers at the end of their study on the topic. Diastolic blood pressure levels below 70 mmHg were associated with a higher risk of death, but otherwise they showed no association with cardiovascular outcomes.

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Single molecule electronic DNA sequencing advanced

A team reports achieving real-time single molecule electronic DNA sequencing at single-base resolution using a protein nanopore array. The work sets the stage for revolutionary, cost-effective genetic diagnostic platforms with unprecedented potential for precision medicine.

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Inspirational managers may harm workers' health

Managers who inspire their staff to perform above and beyond the call of duty may actually harm their employees' health over time, according to researchers. Transformational leadership has previously been associated with positive employee well-being, better sleep quality, fewer depressive symptoms and reduced general absenteeism in the short term.

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Sleep loss detrimental to blood vessels

Getting too little sleep causes changes in the metabolism of cholesterol, demonstrates a new study. According to the results, long-term sleep loss may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease.

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The Loss Of A Loved One Can Actually Alter Your Heartbeat

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Sinisha Karich/Shutterstock

When a partner dies, the severe psychological stress may lead to a heightened risk of cardiovascular problems, including irregular heartbeats that last for a year. The risk is especially high for younger people right after an unexpected loss. The findings are published this week in the BMJ journal Open Heart.

Stressful life events have been linked to an increased risk of acute cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction (or a heart attack). However, it’s unclear whether they also lead to atrial fibrillation – the most common type of arrhythmia, or problems with heartbeat rate. During an arrhythmia, the heart might beat too fast, too slow, or irregularly, and these are all risk factors for stroke and heart failure.

To investigate, a team led by Simon Graff of Aarhus University used data from the Danish National Patient Register to identify 88,612 cases with a hospital diagnosis of atrial fibrillation between 1995 and 2014. They also randomly selected 10 controls that matched the age and sex of each subject, for a total of 886,120 controls.

Partner bereavement was experienced in 17,478...

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A Puzzling Kidney Disease Epidemic Is Sweeping Through The Tropics

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: There has been an increase of CKDu in sugar cane workers in Central America. satit_srihin/Shutterstock

Scores of men living in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh are being diagnosed with a chronic kidney disease, and yet researchers have no idea what is causing this sudden epidemic of cases. Normally, patients who are diagnosed with the disease either have diabetes or hypertension before the problem develops further, and yet these new patients have no previous reported health issues. Known as chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu), scientists are scrambling to figure out exactly what is going on.

CKDu is deadly because it is difficult to detect. With few early symptoms, by the time patients are diagnosed, especially in remote regions of developing nations, the kidneys have been damaged beyond repair. This leads to high blood pressure and an increase in a protein called creatinine in the blood – the hallmark of early-stage kidney disease. Once diagnosed, the prognosis is not good, as the irreversible disease eventually means that patients will be unable to work and have to be placed on dialysis, something...

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Lab-Grown Skin Is Most Advanced Ever Achieved, Even Sprouting Hair

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: The new skin was transplanted onto a mouse. Takashi Tsuji, RIKEN

Scientists working in Japan have made a major leap forward in growing functional skin in the lab, which could offer hope for those suffering from burns and even possibly put an end to cosmetic testing on animals. Their results are published in Science Advances.

Growing organs in the lab for transplantation is one of the ultimate goals for biomedicine. The ability to take cells from a patient and then use them as a basis to cultivate a kidney or a liver or some other body part would be revolutionary.

But the main issue with current skin grafts and transplants is that the resultant skin doesn’t function as it should, as it often lack components such as glands and hair follicles. Earlier attempts at producing skin in the lab only made it as far as creating sheets of epithelial cells, or the outermost layer of skin, but were unable to reproduce the deeper layers of tissue. This most recent research, however, has been able to produce fully functioning mouse skin, with follicles, sweat glands, and full “integumentary tissue.”

“With this new technique, we have...

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False Paternity Isn't Actually Widespread After All

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: CandyBox Images/Shutterstock

Another widespread myth has been busted, this time the belief that a large proportion of fathers are tricked into thinking their children are biologically their own. The myth has sustained a thousand talk shows and made companies offering paternity tests rich, but none of that makes it true. 

"Media and popular scientific literature often claim that many alleged fathers are being cuckolded into raising children that biologically are not their own," said Dr. Maarten Larmuseau of KU Leuven, Belgium, in a statement. "Surprisingly, the estimated rates within human populations are quite low – around 1 or 2 percent." 

The claim that at least 10 percent of children are raised by men who wrongly believe they are the biological father is a favorite on male-dominated Internet threads. The idea feeds into ancient fears, and was bolstered by a growing body of genetic evidence that something similar is true for many species of apparently monogamous animals. 

Besides fueling an industry, the claim that extra-pair paternity (EPP) is rife is beloved by evolutionary psychologists and opponents of child support...

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Global Diabetes Cases Have Quadrupled In Just Three Decades

Health and Medicine
Diabetes
Photo credit: Diabetes can result in abnormal blood glucose levels if it is not treated. Piotr Adamowicz/Shutterstock

The number of people worldwide suffering from diabetes increased almost four-fold between 1980 and 2014, according to a new report released by the World Health Organization (WHO). This alarming spike in diabetes cases appears to be driven largely by lifestyle changes, particularly in middle- and low-income countries, where the increased availability to fatty and sugary foods has transformed people’s diets for the worse.

According to the report, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared with 108 million in 1980. Taking into account the rise in global populations over this period, the actual prevalence of diabetes has jumped from 4.7 percent to 8.5 percent – almost doubling.

Diabetes can occur in two forms: type 1 diabetes, whereby the body cannot produce enough insulin, and type 2 diabetes, which results from the body’s inability to use insulin efficiency. A vital hormone produced in the pancreas, insulin plays a key role in regulating blood sugar levels by enabling cells to absorb glucose...

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Baboon With Transplanted Pig Heart Survives For Nearly Three Years

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Baboons are often used in these experiments due to their similarity to humans. Tony Campbell/Shutterstock

Scientists have managed to keep a pig heart transplanted into a baboon beating for almost three years, setting a new record and pushing forward the field of cross-species transplantation. The study, from the National Institute of Health, is the result of around 10 years of research into whether or not organs from one species could be transplanted into another.

The study on a handful of primates has blown the previous record of keeping a baboon alive, which was 179 days, out of the water. The median length of time they kept the primates alive for was 298 days, with one baboon managing to survive for an incredible 945.  

The transplanted pig hearts didn’t actually replace the baboons' own original organ, but was instead connected to the circulatory system, and then stored in the abdomen, with the original heart stilll operational. This allowed the researchers to study the baboon immune response and potential rejection of the genetically engineered pig heart without having to conduct more difficult heart surgery, while at the...

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"National Poo Museum" Opens Up In The U.K.

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: An orb of pigeon poo on show at the museum. National Poo Museum

Humans spend most of their lives physically and conversationally trying to get as far away from poo as possible. But for all our coyness when it comes to poop, there’s no denying that people are oddly fascinated by it.

So you might want to head on over to the now-open National Poo Museum at the Isle Of Wight Zoo in the U.K. The project is the brainchild of “Eccleston George,” a collective of artists, poets and musicians. The idea for the museum came to co-founder Daniel Roberts while hiking in northern Sweden, when he stumbled across a pile of poop on the ground. After noticing how oddly intrigued the group became, he wondered if a whole exhibition on the subject could grab people's curiosity. 

“Poo provokes strong reactions. Small children naturally delight in it but soon learn to avoid this yucky, disease-carrying stuff,” said Nigel George, one of the museum’s founders, on their website. “But for most of us, under the layers of disgust and taboo, we’re still fascinated by it.”

A collection of the resin poop spheres on display. National Poo Museum

To preserve...

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There’s No Such Thing As An ‘Addictive Personality’ – Here’s Why

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: Are you a prisoner of your habits? Shutterstock

“Life is a series of addictions and without them we die”.

This is my favourite quote in academic addiction literature and was made back in 1990 in the British Journal of Addiction by Isaac Marks. This deliberately provocative and controversial statement was made to stimulate debate about whether excessive and potentially problematic activities such as gambling, sex and work really can be classed as genuine addictions.

Many of us might say to ourselves that we are “addicted” to tea, coffee, work or chocolate, or know others who we might describe as being “hooked” on television or using pornography. But do these assumptions have any basis in fact?

The issue all comes down to how addiction is defined in the first place – as many of us in the field disagree on what the core components of addiction actually are. Many would argue that the words “addiction” and “addictive” are used so much in everyday circumstances that they have become meaningless. For instance, saying that a book is an “addictive read” or that a specific television series is “addictive viewing” renders the word...

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Here's Just A Few Of The Horrifying Things That Medical Students Believe About Black People

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: These beliefs are often held by people that reject prejudices in all other senses. Pressmaster/Shutterstock

Racism and racial inequality are, ludicrously, still alive and sometimes thriving within societies, and the U.S. is no exception to this. From the enormous wealth gap and off-the-cuff offensive remarks to far more deadly acts, America has a deeply-entrenched problem that has spread across all sectors of society.

A new study in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has revealed that even the medical world hasn’t escaped racial stereotyping. It’s widely acknowledged that black Americans are undertreated for pain relief compared to white Americans, and this study suggests that this could be because numerous medical students still believe that black people feel pain differently, among other completely false beliefs.

“These beliefs have been around for a long time in our history. They were once used to justify slavery and the inhumane treatment of black people in medicine,” Kelly Hoffman, a University of Virginia (UVA) psychology PhD candidate and lead author of the study, said in a statement. “What’s so...

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Here's Why You Can't Orgasm, According To Science

Health and Medicine
Photo credit: It's not as simple as mind over matter, we're afraid. Artem Furman/Shutterstock

Everyone’s fairly interested in sex, including scientists. If you’ve ever wondered what sex looks like via an ultrasound scanner, or you’ve pondered about how much sex you need to be happy, science has got you covered.

A team of researchers from the Mayo Clinic and the Indiana University School of Medicine have investigated why some people find it difficult to achieve orgasm, and they’ve found that it’s not all in the mind. For men, reaching the proverbial peak is strongly controlled by a feedback loop in their nervous system, whereas women’s ability to climax is largely determined by the position they prefer during sex.

The new study, published in the journal Clinical Anatomy, looked at a range of previous studies in an attempt to clarify the links between sexual anatomy and the ability to orgasm. Some of the studies included magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of couples copulating, which provided information as to which sexual positions were the most likely to culminate in an orgasm.

When it comes to men, the performance of their penis came...

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Report shows how to say goodbye to harmful algal blooms

Harmful algal blooms dangerous to human health and the Lake Erie ecosystem--such as the one that shut down Toledo's water supply for two days in 2014--could become a problem of the past. Scientists have reported on approaches to reduce harmful algal blooms on Lake Erie.

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Key gene in development of celiac disease has been found in 'junk' DNA

40% of the population carry the main risk factor for celiac disease but only 1% develop the disease. A newly found gene that influences its development has been found in what until recently has been known as ‘junk’ DNA. Celiac disease is a chronic, immunological disease that is manifested as intolerance to gluten proteins present in wheats to an inflammatory reaction in the small intestine that hampers the absorption of nutrients. The only treatment is a strict, life-long, gluten-free diet.

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Maternal obesity, diabetes in pregnancy result in early overgrowth of baby in the womb

The babies of obese women who develop gestational diabetes are five times as likely to be excessively large by six months of pregnancy, according to new research. The study, which shows that excessive fetal growth begins weeks before at-risk women are screened for gestational diabetes, suggests that current screening programs may take place too late during pregnancy to prevent lasting health impacts on the offspring.

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Post-menopausal women taking metformin for diabetes may be at lower risk of cancer

Post-menopausal women who use metformin long-term for the treatment of diabetes may be at lower risk for developing certain cancers and dying from these diseases, reports a large prospective study. Their analysis was based on data from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), a series of large studies undertaken to address common health issues in women. The researchers also found that women with diabetes, compared to women without the disease, were more likely to develop cancer.

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New survey on American attitudes toward Zika virus finds limited awareness or concern

A surve finds that three-quarters of Americans who have heard at least a little about the Zika virus are aware that the virus is linked to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers. However, the survey found that most Americans are unclear about the availability of tests to diagnose Zika and whether or not preventative vaccines and effective medicines exist to treat it.

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